The London Borough of Enfield is located in outer London, to the north of the city centre.  Enfield originated as a market town and important trade centre.  Enfield’s first market was established in 1303.  Despite its temporary closure in the 18th and 19th centuries, the market still exists today.  The 20th century saw a diversification from market trading to manufacturing.  Enfield was once the site of the Royal Small Arms Factory, supplying rifles to the British army until 1957.  Its manufacturers also produced the first colour televisions and dishwashers at the now shut Ferguson and Hotpoint factories.  Enfield became a borough in 1965, merging the former municipal boroughs of Southgate, Enfield and Edmonton.  The town was redeveloped in 1999 and 2007 and is now the location of a large residential area and shopping centre.